Larceny is the wrongful taking of property from its owner with the intent to deprive that person of property or to appropriate that same property to himself or a third person. There are many ways for larceny to be committed, including shoplifting, embezzlement, extortion, receiving stolen property.
Larceny is classified into degrees based on the value of the taken property and the manner in which it was taken. First-degree larceny is a class B felony, second-degree larceny is a class C felony and third-degree larceny is a class D felony. Fourth-degree larceny is a class A misdemeanor, fifth-degree larceny is a class B misdemeanor and sixth-degree larceny is a class C misdemeanor.
Robbery is essentially an act of larceny by force or threat of force. A person commits robbery when, “in the course of committing a larceny, he uses or threatens the immediate use of physical force upon another person for the purpose of:
- (1) Preventing or overcoming resistance to the taking of the property or to the retention thereof immediately after the taking; or
- (2) compelling the owner of such property or another person to deliver up the property or to engage in other conduct which aids in the commission of the larceny.”