Parole and Special Parole are two ways a convicted individual can be released from prison before the end of a sentence. Whether and when a person is eligible for parole depends on the convicted offense. Some are eligible at 50% and others 85% with very few not eligible at all. The Board of Pardons and Paroles decides whether to grant an a prisoner parole.
Special Parole is part of a sentence ordered by a court. It comes after an individual finishes a term of prison or instead of it if there is a suspended sentence. In some ways it is similar to probation. Parolees and Special Parolees are considered to be in the custody of parole while out of jail. Unlike probation, there is no judicial process for a violation (in a violation of probation, a probationer can bond out of jail and contest the case with a hearing before a judge). When a parole violation is charged, a parolee can be remanded to custody and cannot bond out. He or she does have a right to a process--and to counsel--to determine whether a violation has occurred and what should happen as a result.